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Protesters in snowy Zuccotti Park, a plaza in Manhattan’s Financial District.
The restricted public space is privately owned by a company. The protest camp occupied the park for nine weeks and sparked a worldwide protest movement with many other camps. Due to a change in weather, the camp evolved from a radical open-air structure to a dense city of private tents.
Photo: David Shankbone, 29 October 2011
Protest camp in Tahrir Square during the “25th January Revolution”. From 2011 to 2013, the otherwise busy roundabout in the centre of Cairo was repeatedly the scene of mass protests.
Photo: Jonathan Rashad, 9 February 2011

Protests, it says in the announcement for the exhibition „Protest / Architecture“, which the Deutsches Architekturmuseum is presenting from 16 September to 14 January 2024 in its interim quarters at Frankfurt’s Ostbahnhof, “must disturb, otherwise they would be ineffective”. When, it goes on to say, “disturbances extend into public space and take hold there, when they permanently block, defend, protect or conquer it, then protest architecture is created”. The show, conceived by the DAM together with the Museum of Applied Arts Vienna (MAK), documents very different buildings of resistance – tents, huts and barricades from Gorleben to Hong Kong, from Vienna to Lützerath, from the Occupy protests in New York’s Wall Street to the disputes over the Runway West in Frankfurt am Main.

Models built at the Technical University of Munich and the Stuttgart University of Applied Sciences (Prof. Andreas Kretzer) show protest camps from the “Resurrection City” of 1968 to the Lobau-bleibt! movement of 2021/2022. Rokas Wille (HfG Karlsruhe) has documented 40 “ground structures” from Lützerath, mostly pile dwellings, using photographic paper models, and the director Oliver Hardt developed a film installation for the exhibition. Together with activists, according to the DAM, a suspension bridge from the Hambach Forest could be taken over. A 1:10 scale suspended model of the “Barrios Beechtown” (on loan from the artist Stephan Mörsch) also shows this forest occupation. The exhibition architecture on the 1000 square metre extended area of the DAM Ostend was designed by the Berlin office “Something Fantastic”.


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